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Key terms

Here’s a list of key terms that you’ll encounter while reading about the Global Farm Metric:

  • ELMS
    Stands for Environmental Land Management Scheme: the UK governments new subsidy system for farmers and land managers.
  • Defra
    The UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
  • Sustainability audits
    A type of assessment that measures and reviews different aspect of a farm to identify where you can improve sustainability, for example.
  • GFM
    The Global Farm Metric – a harmonised measure of sustainability initially developed by the SFT. The metric contains 11 categories, indicators, and units of measure for assessment of sustainability.
  • Harmonise
    This can have 2 meanings. First, it refers to the principle of Harmony in food and farming where agricultural practices should be in tune with Nature and natural processes.
    Second, it refers to the process of harmonisation whereby the measures of different sustainability audits have been merged (or ‘harmonised’) together to identify overlaps and gaps in data inputs.
  • Public goods
    A commodity or service that is provided without profit to all members of a society for the benefit of both people and the planet.
  • Sustainability
    Environmental, economic, social and cultural. A system that is regenerative and circular and self-perpetuates so future generations and the planet can flourish.
  • Metric
    Both a singular measure or framework of measurements. E.g. a metric for biodiversity may be crop diversity and the GFM is a metric for sustainability.
  • Category
    Core component of the metric e.g. soil (currently 11).
  • Indicator
    High-level signal which can be used to understand the state of a particular aspect of a farming system e.g. emissions (currently 3 under each category).
  • Units of measure
    On the ground measures/data points which feed into indicators e.g. fuel usage.