The Sustainable Food Trust [1] welcomes a new report [2], released today by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which recognises the importance of diverse farming systems, including sustainably managed pasture and livestock, as a key means of mitigating climate change.

Contrary to some of today’s headlines that are calling for a shift to exclusively plant-based diets, the conclusions of the report actually find that balanced diets should include animal-sourced food produced in resilient, sustainable and low-greenhouse gas emission systems, and that these present major opportunities for climate adaptation and mitigation while generating significant co-benefits in terms of human health.

While agriculture is one of the greatest contributors to climate change, this also means it has the greatest mitigation potential. Soil degradation in particular can not only be halted but be reversed through a return to mixed farming systems which include pasture and nitrogen-fixing forage legumes grazed by ruminant animals.

We therefore believe that calls for a shift to mainly plant-based diets are misguided and can do more harm than good. It is crucial that in transitioning towards more sustainable farming systems we must consider the sustainability of all foods, not only of livestock products.

Patrick Holden, Chief Executive of the Sustainable Food Trust, said, “We think many of the headlines about this report are not accurate and we instead need a much more nuanced public discussion about which foods, both livestock and plant-based, are part of the solution and which are part of the problem.

It’s all very well for those recommending a switch to eating more plant-based foods, but if those diets include foods like palm oil, genetically modified soy, almond milk or avocados, for example, all of which are from production systems that are causing damage to the environment, they will do nothing to tackle climate change.”

As the report highlights, diverse, locally appropriate mixed farming, which counters the damage done by years of continuous arable cropping reliant on chemical inputs, will have a transformative effect on the environment, climate and public health.

For more information please contact:

Megan Perry, Communications Manager, Sustainable Food Trust


Notes for Editors

[1] The Sustainable Food Trust is a registered charity, founded in 2011 by Patrick Holden CBE, that works globally to accelerate the transition to more sustainable food systems. For more information see:

[2] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ‘Climate Change and Land’ report published 8th August 2019:

For films and write ups from our recent conference on farming and climate change click here.

Photograph: Barney Moss

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